Glaucoma is an eye disease in which the pressure of the eyes increase, causing damage to the nerve fibers in the optic nerve which may lead to vision loss. The pressure increase happens when the passages that normally allow fluid in your eyes to drain become clogged or blocked.
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the U.S. Age is the highest risk factor and it often occurs in people over the age 40. Other risk factors include: people with a family history of glaucoma, African Americans, and those who are strongly near-sighted or diabetic.
The most common type of glaucoma is open angle glaucoma, which develops gradually and painlessly without symptoms. A rarer type closed angle glaucoma, occurs rapidly and its symptoms may include; blurred vision, loss of side vision, seeing colored rings around lights, and pain or redness in the eyes.
Glaucoma cannot be prevented, but if diagnosed and treated early, can be controlled. Vision lost due to glaucoma cannot be restored. That is why yearly eye examinations for people at risk for glaucoma is a must. Recent studies show that measurements of corneal thickness is a very important component in testing for glaucoma. Make sure your next eye exam includes a corneal thickness measurement (pachymetry.)
A comprehensive examination should include:
- tonometry– test to measure the pressure in your eyes.
- pachymetry- an examination of the inside of your eyes and optic nerves.
- visual field test- to check for changes in central and side vision.
Our comprehensive plus examination includes visual field test, tonometry, pachymetry, and high resolution retinal photo to ensure and monitor your eyes for any signs of glaucoma.
The treatment for glaucoma includes prescription eye drops and medications to lower the pressure in your eyes. In some cases, laser treatment or surgery may be effective in reducing the pressure. Lost vision due to glaucoma can not be restored but our detailed low vision services may restore the quality of your life.
Call our office today to set up a consultation. (248) 332-0200